Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Nuclear attack on hiroshima and nagasaki


Today, we will talk about one of the world's most devastating events, the largest and only nuclear attack in history by the US on two Japanese cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki.


 This devastating incident occurred during the second world war.  On August 6, the American aircraft B-29 bomber dropped the world's first atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima.  The explosion wiped out 90 percent of the city and killed 80,000 people instantly;  Thousands died later due to radiation exposure.  Three days later, on August 9, a second B-29 dropped another A-bomb on Nagasaki, killing an estimated 40,000 people.


 Little Boy:


 Hiroshima, located about 500 miles from Tokyo, was chosen as the first target.  After arriving at the US base on the Pacific island of Tinian, more than 9,000 pounds of uranium-235 bombs were loaded into Enola Gay, a modified B-29 bomber.  The aircraft called the bomb "Little Boy" at 8:15 am.  It exploded 2,000 feet above Hiroshima in an explosion equivalent to 12–15,000 tons of TNT, destroying five square miles of the city.


 Fat Man:


 The devastation of Hiroshima failed to prompt an immediate Japanese surrender, on August 9, Major Charles Sweeney flew another B-29 bomber, the Boxskar, from Tinian.  In the morning the plutonium bomb "Fat Man" was dropped on Nagasaki at 11:02.  The bomb was more powerful than that used in Hiroshima, the bomb weighed around 10,000 pounds and was designed to produce a 22-kiloton explosion.  Nestled in narrow valleys between the Nagasaki Mountains, the impact of the bomb diminished and limited the destruction to 2.6 square miles.  About 40 thousand people were killed in this attack.


 On August 15, 1945, at noon, Emperor Hirohito announced the surrender of his country in a radio broadcast.  A formal surrender agreement was signed on September 2, with the American warship anchoring at Tokyo Bay in Missouri.


 This attack on this incident passed many years.  The effect of this was seen in the people there for many years and the land became barren.  Hopefully, there will not be another such incident in future or else mankind will have to face its serious consequences.

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